Between 1998 and 2014, Norway’s Ole Einar Bjerndalen won 13 Winter Olympic medals in the biathlon – an event combining cross-country skiing and rifle shooting. This tally includes eight golds: the most gold medals won at the Winter Olympics. Bjerndalen shares this record with crosscountry skiier Bj®rn D»hlie (NOR), whose golds were won in 1992-98.
At Sochi 2014, Bjerndalen triumphed in the biathlon 10-km sprint event aged 40 years 12 days – making him the oldest individual gold medallist at a Winter Olympic Games.
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Most Winter Olympic appearances by an athlete
Ski-jumper Noriaki Kasai (JPN) and luger Albert Demchenko (RUS) both competed at the seven Games from Albertville 1992 to Sochi 2014.
Demchenko (b. 27 Nov 1971) is the oldest individual medallist at a Winter Olympic Games. He won a silver medal on 9 Feb 2014 aged 42 years 74 days.
Most gold medals won at a single Winter Olympic Games
Eric Heiden (USA) won five speed-skating events at the 1980 Winter Olympics at Lake Placid in New York, USA. His victories came in the 500 m,
1,000 m, 1,500 m, 5,000 m and 10,000 m.
The most gold medals won at a single Winter Olympic Games (female) is four, achieved by speed-skater Lidiya Skoblikova (USSR/now RUS) in the 500 m, 1,000 m, 1,500 m and 3,000 m events at Innsbruck 1964.
A YOUNGEST INDIVIDUAL GOLD MEDALLIST AT A WINTER OLYMPICS
Tara Lipinski (USA, b. 10 Jun 1982) won the ladies’ singles figure-skating event in Nagano, Japan, on 20 Feb 1998, aged 15 years 255 days.
The youngest Olympic gold medallist is South Korea’s Kim Yun-mi (b. 1 Dec 1980). At Lillehammer 1994, she won gold in the women’s 3,000 m short-track speedskating relay aged 13 years 85 days.
► MOST MEDALS WON AT THE WINTER OLYMPICS (FEMALE)
Three female cross-country skiers have won 10 medals at the Winter Olympics: Raisa Smetanina (USSR/now RUS, 1976-92), Stefania Belmondo (ITA, 1992-2002) and Marit Bjergen (NOR, right, 2002-14). Six of Bjergen’s medals are gold – the most gold medals won at the Winter Olympics (female). She shares the record with speed-skater Lidiya Skoblikova (USSR/now RUS, 1960-64) and cross-country skier Lyubov Yegorova (RUS, 1992-94).
A FIRST WINTER OLYMPICS
The Winter Olympics were first held in Chamonix, France, between 25 Jan and 5 Feb 1924. The Games were established to support snow- and ice-based sports not suited to the summer. In front of 10,004 paying spectators, a total of 247 men and 11 women from 16 nations competed in events including speed skating, curling and ice hockey (above). On 26 Jan 1924, Charles Jewtraw (USA) became the first Winter Olympic gold medallist, winning the 500 m speed-skating competition at the Stade Olympique de Chamonix.
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Most consecutive individual Olympic medals
Luge rider Armin Zoggeler (ITA) – known as Il Cannibale (“The Cannibal”) for the way he devoured his opposition – won a medal at six consecutive Winter Olympics from 1994 to 2014.
First Winter Olympic medallist from the southern hemisphere
At Albertville 1992, New Zealand skier Annelise Coberger won silver in the women’s slalom. She became the first medallist from the southern hemisphere, 68 years after the first Winter Olympics had taken place.
Most Winter Olympic ice hockey medals won by an individual
Canada has won every women’s ice hockey final except the first at Nagano 1998. Forward Jayna Hefford and centre Hayley Wickenheiser were in all teams, earning themselves four golds and a silver.
Most Winter Paralympic Games gold medals won
Ragnhild Myklebust (NOR) won 22 golds between 1988 and 2002 in cross-country skiing, ice-sledge speed-racing and biathlon. She also took home three silvers and two bronze. The most Winter Paralympic Games gold medals won (male) is 16, achieved by Gerd Schonfelder (DEU) in alpine skiing in 1992-2010. He also won four silvers and two bronze.
Most siblings to compete in a single Winter Olympic event
At Calgary 1988, Mexico’s two teams in the
two-man bobsled were crewed by four brothers: “•
• • • •
Jorge, Eduardo, Roberto and Adrian Tames.”