Switzerland: Background,GEOGRAPHY,Location,Geographic coordinates,Map references,Coastline,Maritime claims,Climate,Terrain,Natural resources,Natural hazards,Ethnic groups,Languages,Government type,polirtical system,Religions,Demographic profile,Population,Land use

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stateless persons: 31,062 (2015); note

—the majority of stateless people are from the Middle East and Somalia

image

Background: The Swiss Confederation was founded in 1291 as a defensive alliance among three cantons. In succeeding years, other localities joined the original three. The Swiss Confederation secured its independence from the Holy Roman Empire in 1499. A constitution of 1848, subsequently modified in 1874, replaced the confederation with a centralized federal government. Switzerland’s sovereignty and neutrality have long been honored by the major European powers, and the country was not involved in either of the two world wars. The political and economic integration of Europe over the past half century, as well as

Switzerland’s role in many UN and International organizations, has strengthened Switzerland’s ties with its neighbors. However, the country did not officially become a UN member until 2002. Switzerland remains active in many UN And International organizations but retains a strong commitment to neutrality.

Location: Central Europe, east of France, north of Italy

Geographic coordinates: 47

00 N, 8 00 E

Map references: Europe

Area: total: 41,277 sq km

land: 39,997 sq km

water: 1,280 sq km

country comparison to the world: 136 Area—comparative: slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey

Land boundaries: total: 1,770 km

border countries (5): Austria 158 km,

France 525 km, Italy 698 km,

Liechtenstein 41 km, Germany 348 km Coastline: 0 km (landlocked) Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

Climate: temperate, but varies with

altitude; cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters; cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers with occasional showers Terrain: mostly mountains (Alps in

south, Jura in northwest) with a central

plateau of rolling hills, plains, and large lakes

Elevation: mean elevation: 1,350 m elevation extremes: lowest point: Lake Maggiore 195 m

highest point: Dufourspitze 4,634 m Natural resources: hydropower potential, timber, salt

Land use: agricultural land: 38.7%

arable land: 10.2%

permanent crops: 0.6%

permanent pasture: 27.9%

forest: 31.5%

other: 29.8% (2011 est.)

Irrigated land: 630 sq km (2012) Total renewable water resources: 53.5 cu km (2011) Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricult

total: 2.61 cu km/yr (39%/58%/3%)

per capita: 360.3 cu m/yr (2010) Natural hazards: avalanches, landslides; flash floods

Environment—current

issues: air pollution from vehicle emissions and open-air burning; acid rain; water pollution from increased use of agricultural fertilizers; loss of biodiversity

Environment— International agreements:

party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution- Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution- Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental

Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea Geography—note: landlocked; crossroads of northern and southern Europe; along with Southeastern France, northern Italy, and southwestern Austria, has the highest elevations in the Alps

Nationality: noun: Swiss (singular and plural)

adjective: Swiss

Ethnic groups: German 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch

1%, other 6%

Languages: German (official) 63.5%, French (official) 22.5%, Italian

(official)

8.1%,

English

4.4%,

Portuguese

3.4%,

Albanian

3.1%,

Serbo-Croatian 2.5%, Spanish 2.2%,

Romansch (official) 0.5%, other 6.6% note: German, French, Italian, and Romansch are all National and official languages; totals more than 100% because some respondents indicated more than one main language (2013 est.)

Religions: Roman Catholic 38.2%, Protestant 26.9%, other Christian 5.6%,

Muslim 5%, other 1.6%, none 21.4%,

unspecified 1.3% (2013 est.)

Population: 8,121,830 (July 2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 97 Age structure: 0–14 years: 15.09% (male 630,944/female 594,465)

15–24 years: 11.29% (male

468,036/female 449,309)

25–54 years: 43.67% (male

1,780,039/female 1,766,820)

55–64 years: 12.18% (male

494,285/female 495,107)

65 years and over: 17.76% (male 631,204/female 811,621) (2015 est.) Dependency ratios: total

dependency ratio: 48.8%

youth dependency ratio: 22%

elderly dependency ratio: 26.9% potential support ratio: 3.7% (2015 est.)

Median age: total: 42.1 years

male: 41.1 years

female: 43.1 years (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 27

Population growth rate:

0.71% (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 147 Birth rate: 10.5 births/1,000 population (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 186

Death rate: 8.13 deaths/1,000 population (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 94 Net migration rate: 4.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2015 est.) country comparison to the world: 27

Urbanization: urban population:

73.9% of total population (2015)

rate of urbanization: 1.08% annual rate of change (2010–15 est.)

Major urban areas— population: Zurich 1.246 million; BERN (capital) 358,000 (2015)

Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

0–14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15–24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

25–54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female

55–64 years: 1 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2015 est.)

Mother’s mean age at first birth: 30.4 (2012 est.)

Maternal mortality rate: 5 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.) country comparison to the world: 159 Infant mortality rate: total:

3.67 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 4.03 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 3.29 deaths/1,000 live births (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 199 Life expectancy at birth: total population: 82.5 years

male: 80.22 years

female: 84.92 years (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 9 Total fertility rate: 1.55 children born/woman (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 188 Health expenditures: 11.5% of GDP (2013)

country comparison to the world: 12

Physicians density: 4.05

physicians/1,000 population (2012) Hospital bed density: 5 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking water source:

improved:

urban: 100% of population rural: 100% of population total: 100% of population unimproved:

urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2015 est.)

Sanitation facility access:

improved:

urban: 99.9% of population

rural: 99.8% of population total: 99.9% of population unimproved:

urban: 0.1% of population

rural: 0.2% of population

total: 0.1% of population (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS—adult prevalence rate: 0.35% (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 78

HIV/AIDS—people living with HIV/AIDS: 20,200 (2013

est.)

country comparison to the world: 79

HIV/AIDS—deaths: 300 (2013

est.)

country comparison to the world: 99

Obesity—adult prevalence rate: 21% (2014)

country comparison to the world: 111

Education expenditures: 5.1%

of GDP (2012)

country comparison to the world: 66

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education): total: 16 years

male: 16 years

female: 16 years (2014)

Unemployment, youth ages

15–24: total: 8.5%

male: 8.8%

female: 8.3% (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 111

Country name: conventional long form: Swiss Confederation conventional short form: Switzerland local long form: Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (German); Confederation Suisse (French);

Confederazione Svizzera (Italian); Confederaziun Svizra (Romansh)

local short form: Schweiz (German); Suisse (French); Svizzera (Italian);

Svizra (Romansh) etymology: name derives from the canton of Schwyz, one of the founding cantons of the Old Swiss Confederacy that formed in the 14th century

Government type: federal republic (formally a confederation) Capital: name: Bern Geographic coordinates: 46

55 N, 7 28 E

time difference: UTC + 1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1 hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Administrative divisions: 26 cantons (cantons, singular—canton in French; cantoni, singular—cantone in Italian; Kantone, singular-Kanton in German); Aargau, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Appenzell Innerrhoden, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Berne/Bern, Fribourg/Freiburg, Geneve, Glarus, Graubuenden/Grigioni/Grischun, Jura, Luzern, Neuchatel, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Sankt Gallen, Schaffhausen, Schwyz, Solothurn, Thurgau, Ticino, Uri,

Valais/Wallis, Vaud, Zug, Zuerich

note: 6 of the cantons—Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Appenzell Innerrhoden, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Nidwalden, Obwalden—are referred to

as half cantons because they elect only one member to the Council of States and, in popular referendums where a majority of popular votes and a majority of cantonal votes are required, these six cantons only have a half vote

Independence: 1 August 1291 (founding of the Swiss Confederation) National holiday: Founding of the Swiss Confederation in 1291; note— since 1 August 1891 celebrated as Swiss National Day

Constitution: previous 1848,

1874; latest adopted by referendum 18

April 1999, effective 1 January 2000; amended many times, last in 2016

(2016)

Legal system: civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts, except for federal decrees of a general obligatory character

International law organization participation:

accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction

Citizenship: citizenship by birth:

no

citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Switzerland dual citizenship recognized: yes residency requirement for

naturalization: 12 years including at least 3 of the last 5 years prior to application

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal Executive branch: chief of state: President of the Swiss Confederation Johann N. SCHNEIDER- AMMANN (since 1 January 2016); Vice President Doris LEUTARD (since 1 January 2016; note—the Federal Council, which is comprised of 7 federal councillors, constitutes the federal government of Switzerland; council members rotate in a 1-year term as federal president (chief of state and head of government)

head of government: President of the Swiss Confederation Johann N. SCHNEIDER-AMMANN (since 1

January 2016); Vice President Doris LEUTARD (since 1 January 2016) cabinet: Federal Council or Bundesrat (in German), Conseil Federal (in French), Consiglio Federale (in Italian)

indirectly elected usually from among its members by the Federal Assembly for a 4-year term

elections/appointments: president and vice president indirectly elected by the Federal Assembly from among members of the Federal Council for a 1-year, non- consecutive term; election last held on 9 December 2015 (next to be held in early

December 2016)

election results: Johann N. SCHNEIDER-AMMANN elected president; Federal Assembly vote—196 of 208; Doris LEUTHARD elected vice president

Legislative branch: description: bicameral Federal Assembly or Bundesversammlung—in German, Assemblee Federale—in French, Assemblea Federale—in Italian consists of the Council of States or Staenderat— in German, Conseil des Etats—in French, Consiglio degli Stati—in Italian (46 seats; members in multi-seat constituencies representing cantons and single-seat constituencies representing

half cantons directly elected by simple majority vote; members serve 4-year terms) and the National Council or Nationalrat—in German, Conseil National—in French, Consiglio nazion ale—in Italian (200 seats; 195 members in cantons directly elected by proportional representation vote and 5 in half cantons directly elected by simple majority vote; members serve 4-year terms)

elections: Council of States—last held in most cantons on 18 October 2015 (each canton determines when the next election will be held); National Council

—last held on 18 October 2015 (next to be held in October 2019)

election results: Council of States— percent of vote by party—NA; seats by party (as of 18 October 2015)— Christian Democratic People’s Party 13, FDP.The Liberals 13, SDP 12, Swiss

People’s Party 6, other 2; National Council—percent of vote by party—SVP 29.4%, SPS 18.8%, FDP 16.4%, CVP

11.6%, Green Party 7.1%, GLP 4.6%,

BDP 4.1%, other 8.0%; seats by party— SVP 65, SPS 43, FDP 33, CVP 27,

Green Party 11, GLP 7, BDP 7, other 7 Judicial branch: highest court(s): Federal Supreme Court

(consists of 38 judges and 31 substitutes

and organized into 5 sections)

judge selection and term of office:

judges elected by the Federal Assembly for 6-year terms;

note—judges are affiliated with political parties and are elected according to linguistic and Regional criteria in approximate proportion to the level of party representation in the Federal Assembly

subordinate courts: Federal Criminal Court (began in 2004); Federal Administrative Court (began in 2007); note—each of Switzerland’s 26 cantons has its own courts

Political parties and leaders: Christian Democratic People’s Party (Christlichdemokratische Volkspartei der Schweiz or CVP, Parti

Democrate-Chretien Suisse or PDC, Partito Popolare Democratico Svizzero or PPD, Partida Cristiandemocratica dalla Svizra or PCD) [Christophe DARBELLAY]

Conservative Democratic Party (Buergerlich-Demokratische Partei Schweiz or BDP, Parti Bourgeois Democratique Suisse or PBD, Partito Borghese Democratico Svizzero or PBD, Partido burgais democratica Svizera or PBD) [Martin LAN DOLT] Free Democratic Party or FDP. The Liberals (FDP.Die Liberalen, PLR. Les Liberaux-Radicaux, PLR.I Liberali, IIs Liberals) [Philipp MUELLER]

Green Liberal Party (Grunliberale or

GLP, Parti vert liberale or PVL, Partito Verde-Liberale or PVL, Partida Verde Liberale or PVL) [Martin BAEUMLE] Green Party (Gruene Partei der Schweiz or Gruene, Parti Ecologiste Suisse or

Les Verts, Partito Ecologista Svizzero or IVerdi, Partida Ecologica Svizra or La Verda) [Adele THORENS GOUMAZ and Regula RYTZ]

Social Democratic Party (Sozialdemokratische Partei der Schweiz or SPS, Parti Socialiste Suisse or PSS, Partito Socialista Svizzero or PSS, Partida Socialdemocratica de la Svizra or PSS) [Christian LEVRAT]

Swiss People’s Party (Schweizerische Volkspartei or SVP, Union Democratique

du Centre or UDC, Unione Democratica di Centro or UDC, Uniun Democratica dal Center or UDC) [Toni BRUNNER] other minor parties

Political pressure groups and leaders: NA International organization participation: ADB (nonregional member), AfDB (nonregional member), Australia Group, BIS, CD, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EFTA, EITI

(implementing country), ESA, FAO, FATF, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD,

ICAO, ICC (National committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD (partners), ILO, IMF, IMO,

IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAIA

(observer), MIGA, MINUSMA, MONUSCO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OIF, OPCW, OSCE,

Pacific Alliance (observer), Paris Club, PCA, PFP, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNMISS, UNMOGIP, UNRWA, UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC

Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Martin DAHINDEN (since 18 November 2014)

chancery: 2900 Cathedral Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 745-7900

FAX: [1] (202) 387-2564

consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco

Diplomatic representation from the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Suzan G. LEVINE (since 2 June 2014); note—also accredited to Liechtenstein

embassy: Sulgeneckstrasse 19, CH-3007 Bern

mailing address: use embassy street address

telephone: [41] (031) 357-70-11

FAX: [41] (031) 357-73-44

Flag description: red square with

a bold, equilateral white cross in the center that does not extend to the edges of the flag; various medieval legends purport to describe the origin of the flag; a white cross used as identification for troops of the Swiss Confederation is first attested at the Battle of Laupen (1339)

National symbol(s): Swiss cross (white cross on red field, arms equal length);

National colors: red, white

National anthem: the Swiss anthem has four names: “Schweizerpsalm” [German]

“Cantique Suisse” [French]

“Salmo svizzero,” [Italian]

“Psalm svizzer” [Romansch] (Swiss Psalm)

lyrics/music: Leonhard WIDMER [German], Charles CHATELANAT [French], Camillo VALSANGIACOMO [Italian], and Flurin CAMATHIAS [Romansch]/Alberik ZWYSSIG

note: unofficially adopted 1961, officially 1981; the anthem has been popular in a number of Swiss cantons since its composition (in German) in 1841; translated into the other three official languages of the country (French, Italian, and Romansch), it is official in each of those languages

Economy—overview:

Switzerland, a country that espouses neutrality, is a prosperous and modern market economy with low unemployment, a highly skilled labor force, and a per capita GDP among the highest in the world. Switzerland’s economy benefits from a highly developed service sector, led by financial services, and a manufacturing industry that specializes in high- technology, knowledge-based production. Its economic and political stability, transparent legal system, exception al infrastructure, efficient capital markets, and low corporate tax rates also make Switzerland one of the

world’s most competitive economies. The Swiss have brought their economic practices largely into conformity with the EU’s to enhance their International competitiveness, but some trade protectionism remains, particularly for its small agricultural sector. The fate of the Swiss economy is tightly linked to that of its neighbors in the euro zone, which purchases half of Swiss exports. The global financial crisis of 2008 and resulting economic downturn in 2009 stalled demand for Swiss exports and put Switzerland into a recession. During this period, the Swiss National Bank (SNB) implemented a zero-interest rate policy to boost the economy, as well as

to prevent appreciation of the franc, and Switzerland’s economy began to recover in 2010.

The sovereign debt crises unfolding in neighboring eurozone countries, however, coupled with ongoing economic instability in Russia and other eastern European economies continue to pose a significant risk to the Swiss economy, driving up demand for the Swiss franc by investors seeking a safe- haven currency. In January 2015, the SNB abandoned the Swiss franc’s peg to the euro, roiling global currency markets and making active SNB intervention a necessary hallmark of present-day Swiss monetary policy. The independent SNB

has upheld its zero interest rate policy and conducted major market interventions to prevent further appreciation of the Swiss franc, but parliamentarians have urged it to do more to weaken the currency. The franc’s strength has made Swiss exports less competitive and weakened the country’s growth outlook; GDP growth fell below 2% per year from 2011–15.

In recent years, Switzerland has responded to increasing pressure from neighboring countries and trading partners to reform its banking secrecy laws, by agreeing to conform to OECD regulations on administrative assistance in tax matters, including tax evasion. The

Swiss government has also renegotiated its double taxation agreements with numerous countries, including the US, to incorporate OECD standards, and is openly considering the possibility of imposing taxes on bank deposits held by foreigners .

GDP (purchasing power parity): $482.3 billion (2015 est.)

$478.3 billion (2014 est.)

$469.4 billion (2013 est.)

note: data are in 2015 US dollars

country comparison to the world: 40

GDP (official exchange rate): $664.6 billion (2015 est.)

GDP—real growth rate: 0.9% (2015 est.)

1.9% (2014 est.)

1.8% (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 178

GDP—per capita (PPP):

$58,600 (2015 est.)

$58,800 (2014 est.)

$58,400 (2013 est.)

note: data are in 2015 US dollars country comparison to the world: 16 Gross National saving: 33.3% of GDP (2015 est.)

32.2% of GDP (2014 est.)

33.7% of GDP (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 13

GDP—composition, by end use:

household consumption: 54.4%

government consumption: 11.1% investment in fixed capital: 24% investment in inventories: -1.1% exports of goods and services: 56.2% imports of goods and services: -44.6% (2015 est.)

GDP—composition, by sector of origin:

agriculture: 0.8%

industry: 26.7%

services: 72.6% (2015 est.)

Agriculture—products: grains, fruits, vegetables; meat, eggs

Industries: machinery, chemicals, watches, textiles, precision instruments, tourism, banking, insurance

Industrial production growth rate: 2.2% (2015 est.) country comparison to the world: 108

Labor force: 5.097 million (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 82

Labor force—by occupation:

agriculture: 3.4%

industry: 23.4%

services: 73.2% (2010)

Unemployment rate: 3.3%

(2015 est.)

3.2% (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 28

Population below poverty line: 7.6% (2011 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest: 10%: 7.5%

highest: 10%: 19% (2007)

Distribution of family income—Gini index: 28.7

(2012 est.) 33.1 (1992)

country comparison to the world: 128

Budget: revenues: $221.9 billion

expenditures: $220.8 billion

note: includes federal, cantonal, and municipal budgets (2015 est.)

Taxes and other revenues: 32.8% of GDP (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 73

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (–): 0.2% of GDP (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 24 Public debt: 34% of GDP (2015 est.)

34.7% of GDP (2014 est.)

note: general government gross debt; gross debt consists of all liabilities that

require payment or payments of interest and/or principal by the debtor to the creditor at a date or dates in the future; includes debt liabilities in the form of Special Drawing Rights (SDRs), currency and deposits, debt securities, loans, insurance, pensions and standardized guarantee schemes, and other accounts payable; all liabilities in the GFSM 2001 system are debt, except for equity and investment fund shares and financial derivatives and employee stock options

country comparison to the world: 130 Fiscal year: calendar year Inflation rate (consumer

prices): -1.1% (2015 est.) 0% (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 10

Central bank discount rate:

0.5% (31 December 2010)

0.75% (31 December 2009)

country comparison to the world: 128

Commercial bank prime lending rate: 2.6% (31 December

2015 est.)

2.69% (31 December 2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 173

Stock of narrow money:

$519.8 billion (31 December 2015 est.)

$514.1 billion (31 December 2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 11 Stock of broad money: $1.347 trillion (31 December 2014 est.)

$1.301 trillion (31 December 2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 14

Stock of domestic credit:

$1.197 trillion (31 December 2015 est.)

$1.138 trillion (31 December 2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 16

Market value of publicly traded shares: $1.079 trillion (31 December 2012 est.)

$932.2 billion (31 December 2011)

$1.229 trillion (31 December 2010 est.)

country comparison to the world: 14

Current account balance:

$75.82 billion (2015 est.)

$61.9 billion (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 8

Exports: $270.6 billion (2015 est.)

$327.6 billion (2014 est.)

note: trade data exclude trade with Switzerland

country comparison to the world: 21

Exports—commodities:

machinery, chemicals, metals, watches, agricultural products Exports—partners: Germany 14.2%, US 10.6%, Hong Kong 8.7%,

India 7.3%, China 6.9%, France 6.1%,

Italy 5.4%, UK 4.8% (2015)

Imports: $214.8 billion (2015 est.)

$272.6 billion (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 20

Imports—commodities:

machinery, chemicals, vehicles, metals; agricultural products, textiles Imports—partners: Germany 20.7%, UK 12.8%, US 8.1%, Italy

7.8%, France 6.7%, China 5.1% (2015)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $545.5 billion (31 December 2014 est.)

$535.9 billion (31 December 2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 5

Debt—external: $1.533 trillion (31 December 2014 est.)

$1.601 trillion (31 December 2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 12

Stock of direct foreign investment—at home: $1.136 trillion (31 December 2015 est.)

$1.107 trillion (31 December 2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 8

Stock of direct foreign investment—abroad: $1.487 trillion (31 December 2015 est.)

$1.464 trillion (31 December 2014 est.) country comparison to the world: 7 Exchange rates: Swiss francs

(CHF) per US do llar— 0.9381 (2015 est.)

0.9152 (2014 est.)

0.9152 (2013 est.)

0.94 (2012 est.)

0.8876 (2011 est.)

Electricity—production:

64.81 billion kWh (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 42

Electricity—consumption:

58.01 billion kWh (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 44 Electricity—exports: 32.27 billion kWh (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 6 Electricity—imports: 29.87 billion kWh (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 7

Electricity—Installed generatIng capacity: 20.31 million kW (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 39

Electricity—from fossil fuels: 2.5% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 206

Electricity—from nuclear fuels: 16.1% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 13

Electricity—from hydroelectric plants: 67.8% of total installed capacity (2012 est.) country comparison to the world: 26

Electricity—from other renewable sources: 4.6% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 61

Crude oil—production: 0

bbl/day (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 195 Crude oil—exports: 0 bbl/day (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 193

Crude oil—imports: 101,400

bbl/day (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 46

Crude oil—proved reserves:

0 bbl (1 January 2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 195

Refined petroleum products

—production: 105,400 bbl/day

(2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 72

Refined petroleum products

—consumption: 238,500 bbl/day

(2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 52

Refined petroleum products

—exports: 10,450 bbl/day (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 87

Refined petroleum products

—imports: 157,900 bbl/day (2013 est.)

country comparison to the world: 35 Natural gas—production: 20 million cu m (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 88

Natural gas—consumption:

3.281 billion cu m (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 67

Natural gas—exports: 0 cu m (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 188 Natural gas—imports: 3.261 billion cu m (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 39

Natural gas—proved reserves: NA cu m (1 January 2011 est.)

Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: 42.97 million Mt (2012 est.) country comparison to the world: 65

Telephones—fixed lines: total subscriptions: 4.37 million

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 54

(2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 38

Telephones—mobile cellular: total: 11.5 million subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 142

(2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 79 Telephone system: general assessment: highly developed

telecommunications infrastructure with

excellent domestic and International services

domestic: ranked among leading countries for fixed-line teledensity and infrastructure; mobile-cellular subscribership roughly 125 per 100 persons; extensive cable and microwave radio relay networks

international: country code—41; satellite earth stations—2 intelsat (Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean) (2011)

Broadcast media: the publicly owned radio and TV broadcaster, Swiss Broadcasting Corporation (SRG/SSR), operates 7 National TV networks, 3 broadcasting in German, 2 in Italian, and

2 in French; private commercial TV stations broadcast region ally and

locally; TV broadcasts from stations in Germany, Italy, and France are widely available via multi-channel cable and satellite TV services; SR G/SSR operates 18 radio stations that, along with private broadcasters, provide National to local coverage (2009)

Radio broadcast stations: AM 3, FM

106 (plus many low-power stations), shortwave 3 (2008)

Television broadcast stations: 106 (2007)

Internet country code: .ch Internet hosts: 5.301 million (2012)

country comparison to the world: 20

Internet users: total: 7.1 million percent of population: 88.0% (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 54

Airports: 63 (2013)

country comparison to the world: 78

Airports—with paved runways: total: 40

over 3,047 m: 3

2,438 to 3,047 m: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 12

914 to 1,523 m: 6

under 914 m: 17 (2013)

Airports—with unpaved runways: total: 23

under 914 m: 23 (2013)

Heliports: 2 (2013)

Pipelines: gas 1,800 km; oil 94 km; refined products 7 km (2013) Railways: total: 5,651.5 km

standard gauge: 4,424.8 km 1.435-m gauge (3,634.1 km electrified)

narrow gauge: 2 km 1.200-m gauge (2 km electrified); 1,188.3 km 1.000-m gauge (1,167.3 km electrified); 36.4 km 0.800-m gauge (36.4 km electrified) (2014)

country comparison to the world: 33

Roadways: total: 71,464 km

paved: 71,464 km (includes 1,415 of

expressways) (2011)

country comparison to the world: 65 Waterways: 1,292 km (there are 1,227 km of waterways on lakes and

rivers for public transport and 65 km on

the Rhine River between Basel- Rheinfelden and Schaffhausen-Bodensee for commercial goods transport) (2010) country comparison to the world: 57 Merchant marine: total: 38

by type: bulk carrier 19, cargo 9, chemical tanker 5, container 4,

petroleum tanker 1

registered in other countries: 127

(Antigua and Barbuda 7, Bahamas 1,

Belize 1, Cayman Islands 1, France 5,

Germany 2, Hong Kong 5, Italy 13,

Liberia 25, Luxembourg 1, Malta 20,

Marshall Islands 12, NZ 2, Panama 15, Portugal 3, Russia 3, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7, Singapore 3, Spain 1)

(2010)

country comparison to the world: 76 Ports and terminals: river port(s): Basel (Rhine)

Military branches: Swiss Armed Forces: Land Forces, Swiss Air Force (Schweizer Luftwaffe) (2013)

Military service age and obligation: 19–26 years of age for male compulsory military service; 18 years of age for voluntary male and female military service; every Swiss male has to serve at least 260 days in the armed forces; conscripts receive 18 weeks of mandatory training, followed by seven 3-week intermittent recalls for training during the next

10 years (2012)

Military expenditures: 0.64%

of GDP (2014)

0.69% of GDP (2013)

0.76% of GDP (2012)

0.75% of GDP (2011)

0.76% of GDP (2010)

country comparison to the world: 117

Disputes—International:

none

Refugees and internally displaced persons: refu gees (country of origin): 16,091 (Eritrea); 5,161 (Syria) (2014) stateless persons:

69 (2015)

Illicit drugs: a major International financial center vulnerable to the layering and integration stages of money laundering; despite significant legislation and reporting requirements,

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