Guernsey: Background,GEOGRAPHY,Location,Geographic coordinates,Map references,Coastline,Maritime claims,Climate,Terrain,Natural resources,Natural hazards,Ethnic groups,Languages,Government type,polirtical system,Religions,Demographic profile,Population,Land use


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Illicit drugs: major transit country for cocaine and heroin; in 2005, cultivated 100 hectares of opium poppy after reemerging as a potential source of opium in 2004; potential production of less than 1 metric ton of pure heroin; marijuana cultivation for mostly domestic consumption; proximity to Mexico makes Guatemala a major staging area for drugs (particularly for cocaine); money laundering is a serious problem; corruption is a major problem


Background: Guernsey and the other Channel Islands represent the last

remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy, which held sway in both France and England. The islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. Guernsey is a British crown dependency but is not part of the UK or of the EU. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.

Location: Western Europe, islands in the English Channel, northwest of France

Geographic coordinates: 49

28 N, 2 35 W

Map references: Europe

Area: total: 78 sq km

land: 78 sq km

water: 0 sq km

note: includes Alderney, Guernsey, Herm, Sark, and some other smaller islands

country comparison to the world: 228 Area—comparative: about one- half the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 50 km

Maritime claims: territorial sea: 3 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm

Climate: temperate with mild winters and cool summers; about 50% of days are overcast

Terrain: mostly flat with low hills in southwest

Elevation: mean elevation: NA elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point: unnamed elevation on Sark 114 m

Natural resources: cropland Irrigated land: NA Natural hazards: NA Environment—current

issues: NA

Geography—note: large, deepwater harbor at Saint Peter Port

Nationality: noun: Channel Islander(s)

adjective: Channel Islander

Ethnic groups: British and Norm an-French descent with small percentages from other European countries

Languages: English, French, Norman-French dialect spoken in country districts

Religions: Protestant (Anglican, Presbyterian, Baptist, Congregational, Methodist), Rom an Catholic

Population: 66,080 (July 2015 est.) country comparison to the world: 205 Age structure: 0–14 years: 14.49% (male 4,956/female 4,619)

15–24 years: 11.71% (male

3,940/female 3,798)

25–54 years: 42.05% (male

14,007/female 13,782)

55–64 years: 12.86% (male

4,237/female 4,260)

65 years and over: 18.89% (male 5,643/female 6,838) (2015 est.)

Dependency ratios: total dependency ratio: 47%

youth dependency ratio: 21.6% elderly dependency ratio: 25.4% potential support ratio: 3.9%

note: data represents the Channel Islands (2015 est.)

Median age: total: 43.4 years

male: 42.1 years

female: 44.5 years (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 13

Population growth rate:

0.34% (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 169

Birth rate: 9.84 births/1,000

population (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 198 Death rate: 8.78 deaths/1,000 population (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 70 Net migration rate: 2.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2015 est.) country comparison to the world: 45

Urbanization: urban population:

31.4% of total population (2014)

rate of urbanization: 0.76% annual rate of change (2010–15 est.)

note: data is for the Channel Islands Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0–14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female

15–24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

25–54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

55–64 years: 1 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2015 est.)

Infant mortality rate: total:

3.44 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 3.74 deaths/1,000 live births female: 3.13 deaths/1,000 live births (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 207 Life expectancy at birth: total population: 82.47 years

male: 79.79 years

female: 85.29 years (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 10 Total fertility rate: 1.55 children born/woman (2015 est.)

country comparison to the world: 189

HIV/AIDS—adult prevalence rate: NA HIV/AIDS—people living with HIV/AIDS: NA HIV/AIDS—deaths: NA

Country name: conventional long form: Bailiwick of Guernsey conventional short form: Guernsey

etymology: the name is of Old Norse origin, but the meaning of the root “Guern(s)” is uncertain; the “-ey” ending means “island”

Dependency status: British crown dependency

Government type: parliamentary democracy (States of Deliberation); a Crown dependency of the UK

Capital: name: Saint Peter Port

Geographic coordinates: 49

27 N, 2 32 W

time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last

Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Administrative divisions:

none (British crown dependency); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 10 parishes: Castel, Forest, Saint Andrew, Saint Martin, Saint Peter Port, Saint Pierre du Bois, Saint Sampson, Saint Saviour, Torteval, Vale

Independence: none (British crown dependency)

National holiday: Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)

Constitution: unwritten; includes

royal charters, statutes, and common law and practice

Legal system: customary legal system based on Norman customary law, and includes elements of the French Civil Code and English common law Citizenship: see United Kingdom Suffrage: 16 years of age; universal Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor (vacant); note— Lieutenant Governor Air Marshall Peter WALKER died 6 September 2015; Bailiff Sir Richard COLLAS becomes acting lieutenant governor

head of government: Chief Minister Jonathan LETOCQ (since 12 March 2014); Bailiff Sir Richard COLLAS (since 23 March 2012)

cabinet: none; note—the Policy Council, elected by the States of Deliberation, functions mainly as policy coordination body

elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; lieutenant governor and bailiff appointed by the monarch; chief minister indirectly elected by States of Deliberation election last held on 12 March 2014 (next to be held May 2016)

election results: Jonathan LETOCQ (independent) elected chief minister; States of Deliberation vote -22 of 42


Legislative branch: description: unicameral States of Deliberation (47 seats—45 People’s Deputies and 2 representatives of the States of Alderney; members directly elected by majority vote to serve 4-year terms); note—non-voting members include the bailiff (presiding officer), attorney- general, and solicitor-general

elections: last held on 27 April 2016 (next to be held in 2020)

election results: percent of vote—NA; seats—all independent

Judicial branch: highest resident court(s): Guernsey Court of Appeal

(consists of the Bailiff of Guernsey, who is the ex-officio president of the Guernsey Court of Appeal, and at least 12 judges); Royal Court (organized into

3 divisions—F ull Court sits with 1 judge and 7 to 12 jurats acting as judges of fact, Ordinary Court sits with 1 judge and normally 3 jurats, and Matrimonial Causes Division sits with a 1 judge and 4 jurats); note -appeals beyond Guernsey courts are heard by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London)

judge selection and term of office: Royal Court Bailiff, Deputy Bailiff and Court of Appeal justices appointed by the British Crown and hold office at Her

Majesty’s pleasure; jurats elected by the States of Election, a body chaired by the Bailiff and a number of jurats subordinate courts: Court of Alderney;

Court of the Seneschal of Sark; Magistrate’s Court (includes Juvenile Court); Contracts Court; Ecclesiastical Court; Court of Chief Pleas

Political parties and leaders: none; all independents Political pressure groups and leaders: No More Masts [Colin FALLAIZE]

Stop Traffic Endangering Pedestrian Safety or STEPS

International organization participation: UPU Diplomatic representation in the US: none (British crown dependency)

Diplomatic representation from the US: none (British crown dependency)

Flag description: white with the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England) extending to the edges of the flag and a yellow equal-armed cross of William the Conqueror superimposed on the Saint George cross; the red cross represents the old ties with England and

the fact that Guernsey is a British Crown dependency; the gold cross is a replica of the one used by Duke William of Normandy at the Battle of Hastings

National symbol(s): Guernsey cow, donkey; national colors: red, white, yellow

National anthem: name: “Sarnia Cherie” (Guernsey Dear)

lyrics/music: George DEIGHTON/Domencio SANTANGELO

note: adopted 1911; serves as a local anthem; as a British crown dependency, “God Save the Queen” remains official (see United Kingdom)

Economy—overview: Financial services account for about 40% of employment and about 55% of total income in this tiny, prosperous Channel Island economy. Tourism, manufacturing, and horticulture, mainly tomatoes and cut flowers, have been declining. Financial services, construction, retail, and the public sector have been growing. Light tax and death duties make Guernsey a popular tax haven. In October 2014, Guernsey signed an OECD agreement to automatically exchange some financial account information to limit tax avoidance and evasion.

GDP (purchasing power

parity): $3.451 billion (2014 est.)

$3.42 billion (2013 est.)

$3.36 billion (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 180

GDP (official exchange rate): $2.742 billion (2005 est.) GDP—real growth rate: 0.9% (2014 est.)

1.2% (2013 est.)

4.2% (2012 est.)

country comparison to the world: 180

GDP—per capita (PPP):

$52,300 (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 23

GDP—composition, by sector of origin:

agriculture: 3%

industry: 10%

services: 87% (2000)


tomatoes, greenhouse flowers, sweet peppers, eggplant, fruit; Guernsey cattle Industries: tourism, banking Industrial production growth rate: NA%

Labor force: 31,470 (March 2006) country comparison to the world: 204 Unemployment rate: 0.9%

(March 2006 est.)

country comparison to the world: 4

Population below poverty line: NA%

Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest: 10%: NA%

highest: 10%: NA%

Budget: revenues: $563.6 million expenditures: $530.9 million (2005) Taxes and other revenues: 20.6% of GDP (2005)

country comparison to the world: 151

Budget surplus (+) or deficit

(–): 1.2% of GDP (2005)

country comparison to the world: 19 Fiscal year: calendar year Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.4% (June 2006 est.) country comparison to the world: 145 Exports: $NA Exports—commodities:

tomatoes, flowers and ferns, sweet

peppers, eggplant, other vegetables Imports: $NA Imports—commodities: coal, gasoline, oil, machinery and equipment Debt—external: $NA

Exchange rates:

per US dollar—



0.6528 (2015)

0.607 (2014)

0.607 (2013)

0.63 (2012)

0.624 (2011)

Telephones—fixed lines: total subscriptions: 45,100

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 70

(2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 165


cellular: total: 43,800

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 70


country comparison to the world: 203 Telephone system: domestic: fixed-line and mobile-cellular services

widely available; combined fixed-line

and mobile-cellular teledensity exceeds 100 per 100 persons

international: country code—44; 1 submarine cable (2011)

Broadcast media: multiple UK terrestrial TV broadcasts are received via a transmitter in Jersey with relays in Jersey, Guernsey, and Alderney; satellite packages are available; BBC Radio

Guernsey and 1 other radio station operating (2009)

Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)

Television broadcast stations: 1 (1997) Internet country code: .gg Internet hosts: 239 (2012) country comparison to the world: 196 Internet users: total: 48,300 percent of population: 74.94% (2009) country comparison to the world: 185

Airports: 2 (2013)

country comparison to the world: 200

Airports—with paved runways: total: 2

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

under 914 m: 1 (2013)

Ports and terminals: major seaport(s): Braye Bay, Saint Peter Port

Military—note: defense is the responsibility of the UK

Disputes—international: none


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